Given a growing interest in understanding the nature of cases and their lifecycle in High Courts across India, DAKSH is pleased to launch the first initiative to explore High Court judicial data. As part of this initiative, we are delighted to expand the horizons of open data in the judicial space by making case and hearing records available directly to researchers and interested citizens. We hope that a deep dive into this data can help us all understand judicial institutions, particularly the High Courts in a better way. The data will also shed some light on how many citizens approach High Courts to appeal decisions made by lower courts and how many seek consideration in matters of original jurisdiction.
This High Court Data Portal and dataset release mark the first time High Court data are made available by a team of researchers in an accessible and easily analysable format. We hope it will be useful to understand what types of cases they include, how much judicial time they take up and the time they take to be disposed.
What are Writ Petitions and associated cases?
Under Article 226 of the Constitution of India, a citizen can approach the relevant High Court for restoration of rights, including those guaranteed under Part III of the Constitution. The petitioner/s request specific relief to be granted through the issuance of directions or orders to the respondent party/parties to protect their rights.
This data is reflective of the High Courts’ classification of cases as Writs. It should be noted that each High Court has its own approach to classify cases as Writs. Thus, our categorising cases as Writs is a combination of reading High Court case type notifications (where available); referring to the respective High Court’s case categories as specified on the eCourts website; and discussions with practitioners from relevant High Courts where clarifications were needed. This last element was crucial to understand courts in which broader categories covered, but were not technically limited to Writs.
In addition, we have also taken into consideration Writ Appeal cases, wherever they are specified as separate case types by respective High Courts.
This High Court Data Portal consists of two elements: an interactive Dashboard and visualiser and datasets containing over 5.86 lakh case records and 32 lakh hearing records from six High Courts.
Accessing DAKSH High Court (Writ) datasets
Disclaimer: The analyses shown on the platform emerge from primary data collected from the eCourts app. While all efforts have been made to ensure the completeness of information, there are gaps in the data that was available, which may impact our findings. Any inadvertent errors in the analyses are those of DAKSH alone. The DAKSH database seeks to make data regarding the judiciary publicly available in an analysable format for easy access and use by all stakeholders in the justice system to understand the functioning of the judiciary.
DAKSH may update, supplement or remove material from these datasets at any time.
The DAKSH High Court Writ dataset is made available under the CC By Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International license.
Datasets if reproduced or used for research purposes, should be accurate and are not to be used in a derogatory manner or in a misleading context. Wherever the material is being published or issued to others, the source must be prominently acknowledged.
Please provide the following details and press Submit. You will receive a link to download available datasets.
If you use this dataset for research or other purposes, please cite as:
DAKSH India. 2022. DAKSH High Court Writ dataset (2010-2019). Retrieved from [url]. [Accessed Day Month Year]