A Study of Land Acquisition Litigation

The social, political and economic consequences of the Land Acquisition Act, 1894 have been widely studied, but there has been comparatively less focus on the judicial burden imposed by this legislation. The wide interpretation of ‘public purpose’ and inadequate compensation flooded courts across India with litigation under this legislation. Apart from delaying the process of land acquisition, such litigation also added to the burden of the already burgeoning caseload of Indian courts. This paper examines the nature of land acquisition litigation in the states of Maharashtra and Karnataka under the  Land Acquisition Act, 1894 and the time taken to dispose such cases. The paper analyses whether the Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Rehabilitation Act, 2013 has tackled the root causes for such litigation.

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